Artificial Intelligence vs Machine Learning

Nidhi Bansal
2 min readSep 8, 2019


Deep Learning and Data Science comparison as well

We keep on repeating these keywords Artificial Intelligence(AI), Machine Learning(ML), Deep Learning(DL) and Data Science(DS)

But, how these are different from each other?

AI vs ML vs DL vs DS

Artificial Intelligence(AI): AI is a broader concept of machines being able to carry out tasks smartly. It is the study of how to train a computer or a machine to perform certain tasks which us human can do better as of now.

Machine Learning(ML): In Machine learning, the machine learns itself on the basis of past data with the help of probability and statistics and creates a model. This model helps in predicting the future. The machine keeps on learning from new data.

ML uses different algorithms to parse the data, learn from data, and make a decision on the base of what it has learned.

ML learn from experience E, to perform test T gives Performance measure in P. As E increases, performance measure P increases.

Deep Learning(DL): DL comes into the picture because nowadays data is very huge. It is a kind of Machine Learning based on the concept of our brain cells called neurons which led to concepts of Artificial Neural Network(ANN).

Deep Learning structures algorithm in layers to create ANN which can learn and make intelligent decisions on its own.

Performance Graph of ML vs DL

With the amount of data increases Machine Learning algorithms performance becomes stagnant but Deep Learning performance improves with an increase in data.

Comparison of Machine Learning vs Deep Learning:

Comparison of ML vs DL

Data Science(DS): Data science has multiple roles. it is a combination of AI, ML, DL Mathematics, and statistics.

Hope, now the basics of terms of Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Deep Learning, and Data Science must be clear after reading this article.